15 - 29.03.2019

Print manipulation - 29.03.2019

Prints to share - 09.03.2019

Time after time there comes need to give a print to someone else. I decided to make few extra prints for to share.

Näsinneula, Tampere, Finland - 09.03.2019


14 - 09.03.2019

Multi-grade print

First I printed the negative with multi-grade technique. I made test strip for grade 5 (high contast) and looked out where “black dots” start to appear. Then I made another test strip for grade 0 (low-contrast) filter, on base exposure of grade 5 filter.

Multigrade filter 5  for 5.3 stops, grade 0 filter for  0.5 stops

Single filter exposure (grade 3.5)

I was curious how single filter version would compare to multi-grade version. Could I make the print look same with only one filter?

After comparing the two prints it really looks the same as the multi-grade version.

Multigrade filter 3.5 for 4.9 stops.


Low contrast filter (grade 2)

I printed same negative with low contrast filter. It’s impossible to make blacks really black but not affecting to middle gray area. Click on the image to get it in full size, somehow scaled down versions don’t show details so well.

Multigrade filter 2 for 5.2 stops.

13 - 02.03.2019

Shot on Tri-X, overexposed 1-2 stops and overdeveloped 1 stop.

The negative are dense. Epson V600 handles the dense negative well, exposing paper takes a bit longer (actually about 1 stop!).

Gradient 0: 6.3 stops, Gradient 5 +0.7 stops. That is 78 seconds and 49 seconds. Enlarger aperture was f5.6.

Gradient 0: 4.8 stops, then Gradient 5 +1.4 stops. Times: 27.86s and 45.66s. Enlarger lens aperture 5.6.

How does enlarger lens aperture affect to print sharpness? - 02.03.2019

I wanted to test how lens aperture affects to the sharpness of the print.

Following drafts were exposed with same focus settings. The exposure was done using f-stop timer (increasing one aperture on both enlarger lens & f-stop exposure).

On f2.8 and f4 the sharpness is visibly blurry but on f5.6 and f8 there isn’t much difference.





12 - 31.01.2019

11 - 01.01.2019

First day of the year and printing with my daughter.

Many new things: the photo was first print taken with my brand new -72 Mamiya RB67. I also used Ilford multigrade filters for the first time. Previously I have used print heads color filters. Filters got a self designed mount and filter holders.

Also this one was my first 6×7 negative print. I think it is not that common to have 6×7 possibility in the enlarger. It feels a bit fate that this enlarger had the 6×7 holder when I bought it. Like someone knew I will have 6×7 camera in the future, now it seems obvious.

Two prints. Both had same “base” recipe: 10 seconds with grade 2 and 6 seconds with grade 4. Aperture 4, head height 450mm.

Left print has also burn on the foreground plants 10 seconds with grade 2.

Paper: ILFORD Multigrade IV 25M – Semi-Matte (RC) – 18×24

Film: Kodak T-Max 400, developed in XTOL 1:1


10 - 11.12.2018

Still testing multigrade paper printing. I used enlargers color filters at their full setting.

Aperture: f2.8

Dynamic (with iso 9) at height 51,5cm :  -2.9 EV .. -0.5EV

Dynamic (with iso 9) at height 37cm :  -2.2 EV .. -0.8EV

Top left: 7 sec M+Y, Top right: Y 5 sec / M 11 sec, Bottom left: Y 7 sec / M 11 sec, Bottom right: White 7 seconds

Closeup on Y 5 sec / M 11 sec print

9 - 30.11.2018

In this session I tried to practice my multigrade printing skills and get some “lighter / whiter” photographs. This part of the year sun is so low in Finland that during daytime dark prints look really dark.

Film: Ilford HP5+ pushed to 1600, developed in Fomadon LQN 22 minutes 22 seconds.

Paper: ILFORD Multigrade IV 25M – Semi-Matte (RC) – 18×24

Currently I’m using the built in filters in my enlarger at their full effect (yellow / magenta). I really don’t know the actual values in the multigrade-area.

Exposure: Yellow 35 seconds, Magenta 25 seconds


Exposure: Yellow 16 seconds, Magenta 18 seconds

Here is scanned version of the first print:

8 - 19.11.2018

This time printing shots on new paper type, taken with Holga 120, with studio flashes on TMax 400.

These prints on ILFORD Multigrade IV 25M – Semi-Matte (RC) – 18×24 :

One print on Foma Multigrade paper too:


7 - 11.11.2018

I was disappointed by the previous printing session a bit. Decided to go back to previous frame (“kiss”) and try multigrade printing to see if that would help fixing the overall balance.

Below you can see the “original” (from session 6) and the reprinted one. Yes, no difference. Maybe a tiny difference but nothing dramatic.

I’ve noticed that everything looks different in the darkroom. Even if I try to look the prints in brightest light. During this session I thought I really got grasp of the multigrade printing. Looking all prints, dry, next morning, I notice (again) that I was so wrong.

The photo itself is a bit difficult one in general, lot’s of dynamics and maybe a bit underexposed frame.

Also worked on a new print which was much easier to print. The negative is exposed well and it has more even dynamic style. The lower right corner is a bit muddy – but otherwise much easier to print than the “kiss”.

I actually made few full size prints blindly since I just wanted to get rid off these papers. Foma isn’t manufacturing this size anymore (8×10″= 20,3×25,4cm), I think and I have ordered Ilford paper to see if there’s difference between cheap and “expensive” paper.

not a print: Finnish Film photography RSS-aggregator - 09.11.2018

I put up RSS-aggregator for Finnish Film blogs. URL is http://vedos.tuu.fi/f/.

6 - 06.11.2018

Finally got back into darkroom. This time I focused on printing just a single frame (first one). Both prints need revisiting though.

Also used my self built printing EV meter and it is promising. Here the dark part of the first picture is measured 0.2 EV at film ISO11.

dark side - 03.11.2018

T-Max 400 120-film, pushed to 1600 or 3200. Semi-stand in Fomadon R09 for 2h, single super soft agitation  every 30 minutes.

Scans above are heavily adjusted and bromide drag is clearly visible in the raw scans:


5 - 12.10.2018

Canon AE-1, Kentmere 400 (400), Foma dev 10min, Fomaspeed Variant 311

Click here: First picture scanned at 2400dpi with Epson V600



4 - 07.10.2018

tmax 400 (120), foma dev 12min

3 - 04.10.2018

Printing session 3. Plan was try to master this print with multigrade printing. Pretty decent and could be framed already as it is. However I’m not totally satisfied yet, the mid-gray area goes too dark.

The recipe was:

Aperture f8. Paper Fomaspeed Variant 311, dev: Fomatol LQN.

Step 1: no filters, 8 seconds.

Step 2: magenta 60/200, 30 seconds.

Strategy for next time: increase magenta so it doesn’t exposure mid-gray areas. Try to bring brightness to the fence area on mid-left.


Also made contacts of one 6×6 120 film (HP5+). Questioning myself why I’m even bothering exposing one film with this kind of crap.


There was single shot that I will probably to to enlarge. I have to:

somewhere else - 01.10.2018

Good stuff to read:




Nice exposure chart with decent weather descriptions: http://attemptsat35mm.com/printable-manual-exposure-chart-for-iso-100-800/

stack - 01.10.2018

This weekend I have been just playing around with all kind of things in the darkroom.

I’ve tested exposures, multi-grading, two different papers, 135 and 120 film (6×6). This is not my first time in darkroom, actually I’ve developed hundreds and hundreds of pictures in middle on 90’s back in my home town. Enlarging is as fun as it was back then. I’m so glad I got into this, again.



first dry - 30.09.2018

machine - 29.09.2018

My enlarger is Fujimoto G70.

beginning - 29.09.2018

Ilford HP5+, Minolta Dynax 500si (stock lense), developed in Foma LQN, scanned on Epson V600

Here we go. This is my print log.

history: 15 | Print manipulation | Prints to share | Näsinneula, Tampere, Finland | 14 | 13 | How does enlarger lens aperture affect to print sharpness? | 12 | 11 | 10 | 9 | 8 | 7 | not a print: Finnish Film photography RSS-aggregator | 6 | dark side | 5 | 4 | 3 | somewhere else | stack | first dry | machine | beginning | contact form